(Ne)tworking (W)ireless (S)ensors Lab

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Towards a Propagation Model for Wireless Biomedical Applications

Propagation model plays a very important role in designing wireless communication systems. Current advances in semiconductor technology has made it possible to implant a network of bio-sensors inside the human body for health monitoring purposes. For wireless communication inside the human body, the tissue medium acts as a channel through which the information is sent as electromagnetic (EM) radio frequency (RF) waves. A propagation model is necessary to determine the losses involved in the form of absorption of EM wave power by the tissue. Absorption of EM waves by the tissue body, which consists of mostly saline water, accounts for a major portion of the propagation loss. In this paper we present a propagation loss model (PMBA) for homogeneous tissue bodies. We have verified the model for the frequency range of our interest (900MHz to 3GHz) using a 3D EM Simulation Software, HFSSTM, and experimental measurements using saturated salt water.

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Last modified: February 10, 2002